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How to make a website responsive using CSS and HTML?


Over the years, responsive web design has become a hot topic as people use different devices to surf the internet. Thus, it has become increasingly significant to understand that designing specifically for a website or mobile devices will not help. Developers should focus more on developing designs that can adapt to the devices and their resolution. 

An adaptive layout will automatically respond to the user’s preferences and become highly valuable. One of the main reasons for media queries becoming popular is because unstable was not facing the issue during build-up and design phases. You may get the help of responsive website design Melbourne experts to build an adaptable website.

With the help of media queries, it becomes easy to customise the layout of a website dependent on screen size. 

Let us understand how to make a website easily responsive in three steps.

  • The Layout

While building a responsive website, or making the existing site responsive, the primary element to look at is the layout. Whenever you start building a responsive website, you must first start by creating a non-responsive layout, fixed at a default size. Once you are pleased with the non-responsive version, you must add media queries with slight changes in the code. With this, the code will become responsive. This will make it easy to focus on a task at a time. 

Post this; it’s time for you to add some social media queries. In other words, media queries enable your website to look good on multiple platforms with all sorts of displays from smartphones to big screens. 

  • The Medias

 Responsive design is a primary step to a fully responsive website. The CSS code will ensure that the images aren’t bigger than the parent container. It works effectively for most websites. However, you must note that max-width is not recognised by older browsers such as IE6. To make it work, the code snippet has to be inserted into the CSS stylesheet. 

  • Typography

The developers often neglect this step. Until now, most developers used pixels to define font sizes. Pixels are useful when your website has a fixed width and doesn’t work efficiently with responsive websites. For this, you must have responsive fonts for responsive websites. These responsive font sizes are related to the parent container width to adapt to the screen of the clients.  

The CSS3 includes a new unit named rems. They work identically with the em unit but are relative to the HTML element, making it easier to use than ems. 

Thus, responsive web design is not about just making sites for mobile devices. It adjusts to the varying viewports as a default option. Responsive web design development helps to create websites that change the websites to load on different devices without distorting its design. Developers should focus on having the contents in a manner which enhances the functionality of the website. The minimum standard should be developing the websites that work for everyone and everywhere.